The topic for Day 6 was on “Conflict”. The subject seems to be a constant challenge facing social workers in all client systems especially in communities. Our discussion started on the type of conflicts moving on to the type of persons that should deal with conflict, response or personal ways of addressing conflict and resolution to conflicts. Several topics on dispute resolution especially alternative dispute resolution were also discussed. After the discussion we were then divided into 3 groups and given a small conflict scenario wherein we were asked to act it out in a role-play exhibiting the wrong way and the proper way in resolving conflict.
In 1979, entirely independent of one another, three articles appeared that became very influential, and mark a kind of beginning point for contemporary evolutionary cognitive archaeology. Anthropologist Sue Taylor Parker and Neurobiologist Kathleen Gibson wrote “A developmental model for the evolution of language and intelligence in early Hominids.” Archeologist John A.J Gowlette wrote “Complexities of cultural evidence in the Lower and Middle Pleistocene” while Archeologist Thomas Wynn wrote “The intelligence of later Acheulean hominds”
Apologetics is the discipline of defending a position (often religious) through the systematic use of information. I had always been interested in apologetics and my training as a lawyer and my being a pastor has greatly spurred my interest in the subject.
The study on how humans of the past thinks as reflected on the material culture that they left behind is what Cognitive Archeology is all about. And although critics say that the field is highly speculative in nature, it cannot be denied that the material remains of past cultures gives us access to the thought processes of the people that made them. In order to achieve a thorough analysis, cognitive archeology utilizes and combines the theories and methods of other sciences in order to come up with a reasonable and somewhat logical conclusion in interpreting the thoughts processes of ancient cultures as reflected in their material culture. In this sense, Cognitive Archeology is a truly multi-disciplinary discipline.
Days 3 was spent discussing Social work method and practice. Our speaker was Ms. Miriam Estrada, head of the Social work department of the Saint Theresa’s college Cebu. According to her, in the Philippines we use the Generalist/integrated method of social work practice. Among other things it is characterized by the use of one or any client system as entry point for working with another or other client system. I’ve heard about the terms “case work”, “group work” and community work before and I had a faint idea on what it really means although the english terms might reveal some ideas on what it is about. These terms refer to the work done with corresponding client systems. Work on individuals is referred to as “case work” etc. Social workers work with Individuals, families/groups and communities, and these are referred to client systems which social workers may use as entry points to achieve the goals of social work. The Generalist/Integrated method also provides a holistic problem solving method in that it views every client as a part of a social system which affect the client’s situation. The Generalist/Integrated method recognizes that the social worker cannot be of real help if other client systems are ignored.